Khalid I. Mustafa, Alan S. Saadi I.


The study aimed to find out the level of anxiety and motivation among kindergarten and grade one teachers toward teaching English as a medium of instruction, and also to figure out the correlation between anxiety and motivation, according to the selected variables. 42 grade one and kindergarten teachers randomly participated (10 males, 32 females). This study exercises Hopkins symptom checklist-25 for measuring anxiety and English Teacher Motivation Scale 30-items for measuring motivation that has been used. The result indicated that there is low level of anxiety and high level of motivation among participants. Moreover, there was a negative Pearson correlation between teachers’ motivation and anxiety. The Level of anxiety was higher in female teachers. On the other hand level of motivation was higher in male teachers. Each demographic variable such as gender and workplace had effect on both teachers’ motivation and anxiety.


anxiety, motivation, teacher

Full Text:



Alam, M, (2011) .Factors Affecting Teachers Motivation. International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 2 No. 1; January 2011. Retrieved on 31 May 2017:

Alexenoamen, (2009). British Council BBC. Ways of Motivating EFL/ ESL Students in the classroom. Para1 -3. Retrieved from: at 17/2/2016

Al-Salameh, E. M. J, (2014). Teacher Motivation: A Study of Work Motivation of the Primary Stage Teachers in Jordan. American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2014, pp. 57-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140303.12

Amedi S. D, (2013). The possible relationship between gender and motivation. Retrieved on May 31, 2017:

APA, (2013). DSM-5. Washington, DC London and England: American psychiatric association.

archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837-844.

Ball B, (no date). A summary of motivation theories. Retrieved form:‐motivation--‐ebook/ at 17/1/2016 12:15 am

Bennell, P, & Akyeampong, K, (2007). Teacher motivation in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (No. 71). London: DfID. Retrieved on June 1, 2017, from

Choi, S. (2014). A measure of English Teacher Motivation: scale development and preliminary validation. Advanced science and technology letters. Vol.59 (Education 2014), pp.85-88.

Costello, E. J., Mustillo, S., Erkanli, A., Keeler, G., & Angold, A, (2003). Prevalence and Development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 837-844. Available at:

Crossman A, (2014). About Education, Functionalist Theory. Retrieved on June 1, 2017, from:

Development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence.

Eysenck M.W, Derakshan N, (2009). Anxiety and Cognitive Performance: New Developments from Attentional Control Theory. European Psychologist 2009; Vol. 14(2):168–176. Retrieved on June 1, 2017, from:

Eysenck, M. W,(1992). Anxiety: The cognitive perspective. Hove, England: Erlbaum.

Fink, J, (2017).Teacher Depression & Anxiety Are SO Common. Retrieved on June 3, 2017 from:

Folk, J. & Folk, M. (2015). Anxiety, Anxiety Effects on Society Statistics, Anxiety Disorder Statistics. Para 1-2. Retrieved on15 Dec 2015 from:

Gluck S. (2015). Healthy place. American mental health channel. Anxiety definition. Para 1. Retrieved from:

Guajardo. J (2011). Teacher Motivation:Theoretical Framework, Situation Analysis of Save the Children Country Offices, and Recommended Strategies. Retrieved on 31 May 31, 2017, from:

Harrison J. & Killion C. (2007). Ten Roles for Teacher Leaders. Educational leadership. Vol. 65 | Number 1, pp. 74-77.

Hismanoglu M. (2013). Foreign Language Anxiety of English Language Teacher Candidates: A Sample from Turkey. Procidia-social and behavioral science. Vol. 93, 21, pp. 930– 937.

Humaida I. (2012). Motivation to learn among English language learners in Sudan. Open access scientific reports. Vol. 1 Issue 4, 1-8 doi:10.4172/scientificreports.237

Igawa K. (2009). Initial career motivation of English teacher: why did they choose to teach english? P. 201-2025. Retrieved on 2 Feb, 2016 from:

Juuso M. (2011), Self-esteem, anxiety and motivation – the effect of psychological factors on sport performance. Haaga-Hila University of application science. Retrieved on 21 Dec, 2015, from:

Kakabra K. K. (2015). English language Learning Anxiety among Foreign Language learners in Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Soran University as an Example. International Journal of Education and Research. Vol. 3 No. 1

Klanrit P. & Sroinam R. (2012). EFL Teacher’s Anxiety in Using English in Teaching in the Language Classroom. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, Vol. 2, No. 6, November 2012

Liz, 2015. Classroom Management and New Teacher Anxiety. Retrieved on 3 June 2017, from:

Ma, W, Factors affecting the motivation of TEFL academics in higher education in China (2012).

Retrieved from:,-77,414

Machida & Tomohisa,(2011). Teaching English for the first time: anxiety among Japanese elementary-school teachers. Retrieved from:

McLeod S. (2016). Simply psychology, Bandura - Social Learning Theory. Retrieved on 13 January 2016, from:

Michaelowa, K (2002).Teacher Job Satisfaction, Student Achievement, and the Cost of Primary Education in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa. Discussion Paper 188, Hamburg Institute of International Economics. Retrieved on 31 May 2017 from:

Mustafa K. I. (2015). Expert of education, workshop trainer of ministry of education for teachers. Meeting in 12/10/2015

Ormord J.E. (2010). Anxiety in the classroom. para2. Retrieved from: at 25/2/2016 3:00 pm

Parloff MB, Kelman HC, Frank JD. (1954), Comfort, effectiveness, and self-awareness as criteria for improvement in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry. 3:343-351.

Rehman A. & Bilal H. A. & Sheikh A. & Bibi N. Nawaz A. (2014), The Role of Motivation in Learning English Language for Pakistani Learners. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol. 4 No. 1; January 2014

Sasson R. (2016). Success consciousness mental tools for great life. What Is Motivation and How to Strengthen It. Retrieved on May 31, 2017, from :

Sheue CH. (2015). Relationship between learning Motivation and Academic emotion of pre-service early Childhood Teachers. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences. Vol. 13, No. 1, 2015, 99-124, ISSN 2201-4624.

Sroinam R. & Klanrit P. (2012). EFL Teacher’s Anxiety in using English in teaching in the language classroom. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, Vol. 2, No. 6, November 2012

Tavakol, M., & Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach’s alpha. International Journal of Medical Education. 2, 53-55, doi: 10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd

Tsai CH. CH. & Chang I. CH. (2013). The study on Motivation and Anxiety of English learning of Students at a Taiwan Technical University. International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.1, No.1, pp.24-41

Wchan organization, for victim of human rights, Trauma retaliations and training center (2015). Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 (HSCL-25), Kurdish version.

Yamashiro, A. D. (2011). Relationships among Attitudes, Motivation, Anxiety, and English Language Proficiency in Japanese College Students. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN JOHN MCLAUGHLIN Heisei International University. Japan. Retrieved on 2 June, 2017 from:

Yemisi A. C. (2013).The Influence of Gender, Age, Training and Experience on Teachers’ Motivation in Ado and if on Local Government Areas, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Educational Research. Vol. 3 (3), pp. 138-143, May 2013. ISSN: 2276-7789



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ilmiah Didaktika

Media Ilmiah Pendidikan dan Pengajaran


All works are licensed under CC-BY

Statistik Pengunjung

© Jurnal Ilmiah Didaktika 2019. Published by Center for Research and Publication UIN Ar-Raniry; All rights reserved.
This website has been viewed hit counter website times.
Indexed by: