COMPARATIVE LAW REPATRIATION INDONESIAN CITIZEN EX FOEIGN ISLAMIC STATE IRAQ AND SYIRIA ABOUT INDONESIA LAW AND ISLAMIC LAW

Badrul Munir, Yenny Sri Wahyuni, Teuku Awis Aulia

Abstract


The issue of citizen became the hot news on sosial meda country in Indonesian. On February 1 2020, the National Counter terrorism Agency exchanged international intelligence information with countries in the Middle East and got around 600 Indonesian citizens who were former combatants of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). This polemic has become a hot topic of discussion among the government and the people of Indonesia about the fate of Indonesian citizens (WNI) whether they can be returned to their homeland or left alone in shelter camps in Syria. The formulation of the problem studied in this journal is to describe the views or opinion of Indonesian law on the concept of citizenship and explain the views of Indonesian law (law no. 5 of 2018 concerning the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Terrorism) and Islamic law (Opinions of Imam Malik and Imam Syafii) concerning the repatriation of Indonesian citizens who were former combatants of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria to Indonesia. In this study, the authors use normative research methods by conducting library research through the process of reading, researching, and reviewing ongoing discussions with this research. The results of this study indicate that in Indonesian law, referring to Law No. 5 of 2018, they must be repatriation to Indonnesia because they are the responsibility of the state in accordance with articles 43b, 43b, and 43d. whereas in Islamic law there is caution by asking them if they want to go back and repent for their actions, if they obey they can be repatriation to Indonesia, if not they are fought. and the decision will ultimately be left to the government about their fate.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Syāfi’i, Muḫammad bin Idris, 2001, Al-Umm, Beirut: Dār Al-kutub Al-Ilmiyyah.

Asrori Mukhtaro dkk, 2019, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Dalam Perspektif Alquran, Miqot, Volume 43, Nomor 1

Dahyul Daipon, 2015, Terorisme Dalam Perspeltif Siyasah, Jurnal Al-Hurriyah, Volume 16, (1)

Dedi Sugono, 2008, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Dede Rosyada, 2000 Pendididkan Kewargangaraan (Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia & Masyarakat Madani), Jakarta: Kencana Timur.

Hadi Kuntjara, 2018, Kajian kontra terorisme dan kebijakan (tantangan dan solusi pemulangan simpatisan ISIS), Jakarta: The Habibie Center

Imam Malik Bin Anas, 1994 Almudawanah Alkubra, Jilid I, Beirut: Dār Al-kutub Al-Ilmiyyah.

Isharyanto, 2002, Hukum dan Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia (Dinamika Peraturan Status Hukum Kewarganegaraan Dalam Perspektif Undang-Undang), Yogyakrta: Absolute Media.

Kasjim Salenda, 2009. Terorisme dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam, Ulumuna, Jurnal; Study keislaman, Volume 13, (1).

Muhammad A.S Hikam. 1999. Politik Kewarganegaraan: Landasan Redemokratisasi di Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga

Mustika Zed, 2004, Metodelogi Penelitian Kepustakaan, Jakarta: Absolute Media

Nurul Irfan, Musyrofah, 2013, Fiqih Jinayah, Jakart: Amzah,

Pemerintah Indonesia, 2018, Undang-undang Republik Indonesia no. 5 tahun 2018 tentang perubahan atas undang-udang no.15 tahun 2003 tentang penetapan peraturan pemerintah tentang undang-undang pemberantasan tindak pidana terorisme, Lembaran Negara RI tahun 2018, no. 92, Sekretariatan Negara, Jakarta.

Pemerintah Indonesia, 1999, Undang-undang Republik Indonesia no.37 tahun 1999 tentang hubungan luar negeri, Lembaran Negara RI tahun 1999, no. 156, Sekretariatan Negara, Jakarta.

Pemerintah Indonesia, 2014, Undang-udang Republik Indonesia no.35 tahun 2014 tentang perubahan atas undang-undang no. 23 tahun 2002 tentang perlindungan anak, no. 297, Sekretariatan Negara, Jakarta.

Pemerintah Indonesia, 2006, Undang-undang Republik Indonesia no. 12 tahun 2006 tentang Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia, Sekretariatan Negara, Jakarta.

Wahbah Zuhaili, 2011, Fiqih Islam Wa Adillatuhu, Jakarta: Darul Fikri,




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22373/dusturiyah.v12i1.12269

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 teuku awis aulia

 
Indexed by:

Justisia Justisia Justisia Justisia Justisia

 
Tools:

Justisia Justisia Justisia Justisia Justisia

All papers published in Dusturiyah: Jurnal Hukum Islam, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Office address: Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry. Jl. Ar-Raniry, Kopelma Darussalam, Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia 23111. Email: jurnal.dusturiyah@ar-raniry.ac.id